Born in Monmouth Castle in 1387, he is immortalized by his campaigns against the French and the remarkable victory at Agincourt. As a boy he loved outdoor pursuits and at the age of 10 he could ride, swim and bend a bow and hunt: he was a fine scholar, an accomplished musician, a chivalrous and bold monarch who proved to be a shrewd tactician - both militarily and politically. In addition to securing a temporary peace with France, Henry maintained control over the warring Owain Glyndwr whose armies sought to win territory in the Welsh Marches.
Perhaps the greatest British king, Henry V was known as Harry of Monmouth. Henry was born in Monmouth Castle on 9th August 1388, in the midst of his father's wars against the Welsh. Amongst his father's many foes was Owain Glyndwr - the brilliant Welsh hero who fought to restore the Plantaganets and most of all for a free Wales.
Glyndwr, Shakespeare's Glendower, had fought a persistent campaign of constant ambush and retreat against the far larger English forces. Glyndwr's inspirational victories had almost united the many Welsh kingdoms against the English, when at just 16 years old, Prince Henry was appointed Royal Deputy of Wales.
Henry immediately took the fight to Glyndwr; within that year Henry was put in command of all military operations in Wales.
In 1405, Henry, now 18 years old, routed the Welsh army at Grosmont; Glyndwr retaliated by attacking English forces at Monmouth. But glyndwr had lost 1500 men at Grosmont and many more were now deserting to Henry's cause.
By the time that Harry succeeded his father to the throne in 1413, he was a veteran and respected soldier. Glyndwr had been defeated and the feared Gwent longbows were now a crucial part of Henry's force. At Agincourt, most famously, the Gwent archers brought Henry a great victory.